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Speech Sound Milestones for Children

Talking takes time to develop. Some children are slower at learning to make speech sounds, while other children speak clearly at a young age. Your child may use one sound instead of another, leave out sounds, add extra sounds, or say the sound differently than you might expect as they are learning to talk. The following list shows the age when most children can say different speech sounds:

By age 2 – p, b, m, d, h, n

By age 3 – f, g, k, t, w

By age 4 – kw (as in queen)

By age 5 – ch, j, l, s, sh, y, bl

By age 6 – r, v, br, dr, fl, fr, gl, gr, kl, kr, pl, st, tr

By age 7 – z, sl, sp, sw, th

By age 8 – th – middle of words (as in bathtub)

Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Second Edition (GFTA-2). Copyright © 2000 NCS Pearson, Inc. Reproduced with permission. All rights reserved.

“GFTA” is a trademark, in the US and/or other countries, of Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s).

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