EBP Briefs

Get to know this tool for your everyday decision-making—a combination electronic and print, peer-reviewed journal called Evidence-based Practice (EBP) Briefs.

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Evidence Based Practice Briefs

EBP Briefs

We are pleased to introduce a tool for your everyday decision-making—a combination electronic and print, peer-reviewed journal called Evidence-based Practice (EBP) Briefs.

Since its beginning in 2006, EBP Briefs seeks to answer some of the biggest questions of your daily activities, supported with evidence and written practically and efficiently for you by leaders in speech-language pathology and related disciplines. One of the goals of EBP Briefs is to allow you to read and implement easily.

As always, we are interested in your feedback on EBP Briefs in general and are also looking to you to help identify specific questions you would like us to explore in upcoming EBP Briefs. Thank you in advance!

Click below to view each brief


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Evidence-Based Decisions: Memory Intervention for Individuals With Mild Cognitive Impairment
Volume 8, Issue 4 December 2013
by Christy Fleck and Melinda Corwin

Do individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) benefit from memory strategies/supports training versus no training, based on their performance on prospective memory tasks?

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Comparing Evidence-Based Interventions for Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume 8, Issue 3 September 2013
by Allison Bean Ellawadi

Would a minimally verbal toddler with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) benefit more from implementation of the Picture Exchange Communication System® (PECS®) or Pivotal Response Treatment® (PRT®) to increase communication initiations of his wants/needs?

Evidence-Based Intervention Options for Chronic Dysphagia Following Lateral Medullary Stroke
Volume 8, Issue 2 July 2013
by Claire A. Layfield, Kirrie J. Ballard

Are rehabilitation techniques more effective than compensatory strategies in improving swallow function and facilitating oral intake after a medullary stroke?

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The Effects of Technology-Assisted Instruction to Improve Phonological-Awareness Skills in Children With Reading Difficulties: A Systematic Review
Volume 8, Issue 1 March 2013
by Sue Ann S. Lee, Sherry Sancibrian, and Nicole Ahlfinger

For preschool and school-age children with or at risk for reading difficulties, does technology-assisted instruction lead to better phonological-awareness (PA) skills than instruction without technology?

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Application of EBP Guidelines to Treatment Planning for an Adolescent Who Stutters
Volume 7, Issue 6
by Patricia M. Zebrowski, PhD

Would an adolescent who stutters (P) exhibit long-term improvement in stuttering management from fluency shaping approaches (I) or speech modification techniques (C), as shown by increases in controlled and spontaneous fluency, reduced severity of moments of stuttering, and decreased negative impact of stuttering (O)?

Evaluating Group Therapy for Aphasia: What is the Evidence?
Volume 7, Issue 5
by Claire A. Layfield, Kirrie J. Ballard, and Donald A. Robin

For people with aphasia following a stroke, is group therapy shown to be more effective on communication outcome measures reflecting impairment, activity, and/or participation than individual therapy or no therapy?

Evidence-Based Intervention for Toddlers with Sensorimotor Feeding Disorders
Volume 7, Issue 4 December 2012
by Erin E. Redle

For toddlers with feeding disorders characterized by oral-motor deficits and limited texture acceptance, would an intervention that specifically included at least one sensory processing component (e.g., tactile, proprioception) and an oralmotor component be more effective than only an oral-motor intervention?

Do Phonemic Awareness Interventions Improve Speech in Preschool Children with Speech Sound Disorders?
Volume 7, Issue 3 September 2012
by Sherine R. Tambyraja and Rebecca J. McCauley

Would preschool children with SSD demonstrate similar or greater improvement in speech sound production during interventions including phonemic awareness goals and procedures than during speech sound interventions without those elements?

Writing Intervention for Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners: A Review of Research
Volume 7, Issue 2 June 2012
by María R. Brea-Spahn and Megan Dunn Davison

Would Spanish-speaking ELL students who struggle to learn to write (P) benefit more from writing intervention that addresses cognitive (executive function) and social well-being (motivation, peer inclusion) (I), or writing intervention strategies that address written language text macrostructure or microstructure only (C), as shown by significant changes in macro- and microstructural components in students' written compositions (O)?

Evidence-Based Practice: A Retrospective Overview and Proposal for Future Directions
Volume 7, Issue 1 March 2012
by Mary Beth Schmitt and Laura M. Justice

The Briefs provide explicit guidance in how to approach specific clinical questions and rich models of implementing evidence-based practice as a systematic clinical-care process.

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The Effects of Matrix Strategy Intervention on Improving Word Combination Skills in Preschool Children with Intellectual Disabilities
Volume 6, Issue 6
by SooJung Chae, Oliver Wendt

Is the matrix strategy intervention effective for expanding word combinations in children with intellectual disabilities?

Behavioral Voice Therapy in School-Age Children with Vocal Fold Nodules
Volume 6, Issue 5
by Christopher R. Watts

Does behavioral voice therapy effectively improve voice quality and eliminate or reduce the size of vocal fold pathology in school-age children who have vocal nodules?

Using Fidelity Measures to Support Collaboration in Inclusive Preschool Settings
Volume 6, Issue 4 December 2011
by Emily R. Marturana, Mollie R. Friedman, Jennifer A. Brown, and Juliann J. Woods

In addition to measuring the accuracy of the delivery of intervention, can fidelity measures provide insight on the effectiveness of the SLP-teacher collaborative consultation and increase embedded language intervention opportunities in the classroom?

Making Evidence-Based Assessment Decisions for Children Who Are Internationally Adopted
Volume 6, Issue 3 September 2011
by Kathleen A. Scott and Jenny Roberts

As the number of children adopted from foreign countries continues to grow substantially, questions persist regarding their long-term language and literacy skills. What is the best language assessment battery to determine if a second grade student, who was internationally adopted at 36 months old, has language impairment?

Augmentative and Alternative Communication Intervention for Persons with Chronic Severe Aphasia: Bringing Research to Practice
Volume 6, Issue 2 June 2011
by Rajinder K. Koul, PhD and Melinda Corwin, PhD

With the advent of evidence-based practice (EBP) in health care, it has become important to appraise the available evidence on the efficacy of AAC intervention in persons with aphasia. Should we consider a technology-based AAC intervention or a nontechnology-based AAC intervention treatment approach for a person with chronic severe Broca's aphasia and apraxia of speech?

Maximizing Conversational Independence
Volume 6, Issue 1 March 2011
by Trina D. Spencer and Timothy C. Slocum

Script training is designed specifically to improve conversational independence, but primarily of children with autism and not children with SLI. Can an intervention strategy whose research was done with one population be used effectively with a different population for the same purpose?

Improving Phonemic Awareness in Children With Learning Disabilities
Volume 5, Issue 6
by Melissa D. Malani, Andrea Barina, Kaitlyn Kludjian, Julie Perkowski

What phonemic awareness interventions are effective for students who have language/learning disabilities?

Evidence-Based Speech and Language Intervention Techniques for the Birth-to-3 Population
Volume 5, Issue 5
by Allison Gladfelter, Oliver Wendt, Anu Subramanian

Which current speech and language interventions or techniques are effective for improving speech and language outcomes for children with speech and language delays in the birht-to-3 population?

A Speech-Language Pathologist's Dilemma: What is the Best Choice for Service Delivery in Schools?
Volume 5, Article 4, December 2010
by Timothy Meline and Cassis Kauffman, Lamar University

Asked to deliver improved outcomes and reduced costs for Speech, Language and Hearing (SLH) service delivery, a Director of Speech, Language and Hearing Services chooses an evidence-based approach. She embarks on a scoping review of relevant literature addressing systems of SLH service delivery, including systematic reviews, case studies, and interviews with SLP experts.

Pre-Literacy Interventions for Preschool Students
Volume 5, Article 3, October 2010
by Stacey Pavelko, University of Central Florida

What helps preschool students acquire pre-literacy skills? Based on the available evidence, shared book reading, and code-focused interventions that combine PA and phonics are the most promising interventions.

Remediation of Phonological Disorders in Preschool Age Children: Evidence for the Cycles Approach
Volume 5, Number 2, June 2010
by Johanna M. Hassink and Oliver Wendt, Purdue University

Does the Cycles Approach result in effective remediation of phonological disorders? Evidence for the efficacy of the Cycles Approach is limited. The best evidence available suggest that this approach is effective with children who exhibit severe phonological disorders both in isolation and in combination with other language disorders.

Choosing the Language of Intervention for Spanish-English Bilingual Preschoolers with Language Impairment
Volume 5, Number 1, March 2010
by Lisa M. Bedore, University of Texas at Austin

Katy is a speech-language pathologist working with a preschooler who has just been indentified as having language impairment, and speaks predominantly Spanish. In his home environment, Spanish is the primary language and his parents want him to be able to communicate in that environment, as well as at school. The child's teacher, however, believes that intervention should be in English. In which language should Katy conduct intervention?

Classroom Amplification Benefits for Academic Skills and Speech Recognition
Volume 4, Issue 6
by Jeffery B. Larsen, Chad Nye

Is classroom amplification beneficial?

Joint Attention as a Primary Target for Intervention in a Young Child with ASD
Volume 4, Issue 5
by Summer Perkins, M.S., CCC-SLP and Erin Brooker Lozott, M.S., CCC-SLP

What is the definition of joint attention and its effect on social communication function? Does intervention improve joint attention, social language, and other communicative functions? Is teaching joint attention educationally relevant and critical for this child?

Vocabulary Intervention for Elementary and Secondary School Students Who are English Language Learners: A Review of Research
Volume 4, Number 4, November 2009
by Stacy D. Shepard & Li Sheng, University of Texas-Austin

Debbie, a monolingual elementary school speech-language pathologist (SLP), frequently assists other teachers with creating and implementing intervention plans for students. She recently was approached by a fifth-grade teacher who was concerned about one Spanish-English bilingual student who struggles in English class. The teacher thinks that this student's limited English vocabulary knowledge could be influencing his reading comprehension, but is unsure of how to address these needs in the classroom. Can Debbie suggest evidence-based strategies the teacher may implement to help this student?

Evidence-Based Practice for Bilingual Students with Language Impairment: General and Specific Treatment Questions
Volume 4, Number 3, September 2009
by Amelia Medina and Jill Rentmeester, University of Minnesota

Julia, a speech-language pathologist (SLP), is working in a K–8 elementary school in a large urban school district. In the past five years, the school's Somali population has more than doubled from 20% to 45%. Her goal, like other SLPs, is to enable her students' success by building and bridging Somali and English communication skills for home, community, and school settings. Julia's research has focused on monolingual English-speaking students with impairments.

Reducing Self-Injurious Behaviors in Individuals With Autism: Benefits of Functional Communication Training
Volume 4, Number 2, June 2009
by Miriam C. Boesch and Oliver Wendt, Purdue University

Beth, a special education teacher reports that a student with Autism is increasingly exhibiting self-injurious behavior. Helen a (SLP) also notices the increase in negative behavior. Beth and Helen consider the use of functional communication training (FCT).

Video Modeling to Improve Play Skills in a Child with Autism: A Procedure to Examine Single- Subject Experimental Research
Volume 4, Number 1, March 2009
by Veronica Smith, Ph.D., University of Alberta

Maryanne, a school-based SLP, works with the IEP team to support a kindergarten student with autism. Maryanne researches an intervention called "video modeling" to determine the appropriateness for this student, given the IEP team's view that play-based skills are a critical element for this student's IEP. Will Maryanne find enough EBP support to warrant the implementation of video modeling?

The Effects of Structured Writing Intervention for Elementary Students With Special Needs: A Systematic Review
Volume 3, Issue 6
by Angella Powel, MS and Julie J. Masterson, PhD

Will elementary students with special needs show improvement in writing skills after training involving structured approaches when compared to those who did not receive structured approaches?

Teaching Literacy Using a Multiple-Linguistic Word-Study Spelling Approach: A Systematic Review
Volume 3, Issue 5
by Julie Wolter

Will "multiple-linguistic word study" facilitate morphological awareness and phonological awareness?

A Clinical Language/Literacy Decision: Evidence-based Story Grammar Instruction
Volume 3, Number 4, December 2008
by Kim Murza and Chad Nye, University of Central Florida

An SLP in a small urban elementary school wants to help second grade students on his caseload improve their reading comprehension. He looks to his knowledge of evidence-based practice for the answer to his question: does explicit instruction in story grammar positively impact elementary school students' comprehension abilities in reading narrative text?

Finding, Analyzing and Implementing a Phonemic Awareness Intervention: Guidelines to a Decision-Making Process
Volume 3, Number 3, September 2008
by Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn, Cheran Zadroga & Ana Rivera, University of Central Florida

A reading specialist and an SLP team up to support a change request to a 3rd grader's Individualized Education Plan (IEP) regarding phonemic awareness intervention. Will they find the evidence they need to support the IEP change?

The Use of Phonics in the Teaching of Reading and Spelling
Volume 3, Number 2, June 2008
by Greg Brooks, University of Sheffield, UK, and Carole J. Torgerson and Jill Hall, University of York, UK

Whether or not to teach phonics has long been a polarizing debate between phonics and whole language advocates. The authors provide a research-based review of phonics and its role in teaching reading and writing. Their findings lead to recommendations of how to best incorporate systematic phonics teaching in the classroom and in teacher training.

Making Informed Decisions about Literacy Intervention in Schools: An Adolescent Literacy Example
Volume 3, Number 1, April 2008
by Barbara J. Ehren, Ed.D., CCC-SLP, University of Central Florida

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in schools are exploring new or expanded roles with literacy, including intervention with students with language impairment (LI). At the same time, they seem to be struggling to find the motivation and time to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP). The author makes the case that EBP fits well within school culture. An example is provided to demonstrate how a school SLP can utilize the questions to make EBP decisions regarding literacy-related interventions.

Treatment for Teachers with Voice Disorders: An Evidence-Based Review
Volume 2, Issue 6
by Mary Pannbacker and Sandra Hayes

Is treatment of voice problems for teachers effective?

Phonemic Awareness Instruction for Preschoolers: The Evidence for Pre-Phonemic versus Phonemic Tasks
Volume 2, Issue 5
by Teresa A. Ukrainetz

Will preschoolers show greater improvement in phonemic awareness during pre-phonemic or phonemic awareness instruction?

Evidence-Based Practice for School-Age Stuttering: Balancing Existing Research with Clinical Practice
Volume 2, Number 4, December 2007
by J. Scott Yaruss and Kristin Pelczarski, University of Pittsburgh

A speech-language pathologist (SLP) works with a child who stutters to translate successes from the therapy room to her school and home settings. When the current treatment plan isn't working, the SLP looks to research for answers. What process will she use to narrow and evaluate the research in order to make effective treatment changes?

Self-Regulated Strategy Development for Written Expression: Is it Effective for Adolescents?
Volume 2, Number 3, September 2007
by Laura Jacobson and Robert Reid, University of Nebraska - Lincoln

An educator examines why the special education students at his small, urban high school have difficulty with writing and what he can do to help. Because his school system already expects students to have the requisite writing skills, many special education students don't have the chance to improve their skills during high school and may not pass the district's graduation exam. The educator and his colleagues respond by applying the research-based Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD) model. What will they and their students learn from their efforts?

English Literacy Development for English Language Learners: Does Spanish Instruction Promote or Hinder?
Volume 2, Number 2, July 2007
by Kelly M. Thomason and Brenda K. Gorman, Marquette University and Connie Summers, The University of Texas at Austin

In this brief, the authors consider whether instruction in a child's native language (particularly Spanish) hinders or promotes learning of literacy in English. The authors conduct a four-step process for identifying research on this topic, examining this literature, and then determining the answer to this clinical question. The results suggest that supporting a child's home/native language promotes rather than hinders development of English literacy skills.

Parent-Implemented Interactive Language Intervention: Can It Be Used Effectively?
Volume 2, Number 1, March 2007
by Laura M. Justice and Khara Pence, University of Virginia

In this brief, a hypothetical clinician takes on the task of identifying a "research based" approach for training parents to provide language intervention in the home environment. This brief describes a four-step process for identifying effective interventions, and describes the outcomes of this process as applied to home-based parent-implemented language intervention.

Evidence-Based Reviews of Cognitive Rehabilitation for Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injury: What Clinical Questions Do They Answer?
Volume 1, Issue 6
by Mary R. T. Kennedy

The purpose of this article is to provide SLPs with an overview of currently published, systematic reviews of cognitive rehabilitation and, more specifically, to identify those reviews that would provide them with practical recommendations concerning their clinical practice.

Intervention for Preschool Children With Moderate-Severe Phonological Impairment
Volume 1, Issue 5
by Sandra Laing Gillam, Alan G. Kamhi

What intervention approaches are effective in improving articulation phonological abilities for preschool children with moderate-severe phonological disorders?

Social Skills Intervention for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Experimental Evidence
Volume 1, Number 4, December 2006
by Sloane Burgess and Lyn S. Turkstra

The social situations that adolescents encounter on a daily basis require both speed and agility: they must select comments that directly address the topic at hand, control utterance length so as not to monopolize the conversation, take the perspective of others and use both verbal and nonverbal methods to convey and state implied meaning.

Added to this, the idiomatic language of adolescent peer groups continually evolves,and familiarity with this language is important to building and sustaining relationships with one's peer group.

With the vast array of therapy materials and approaches available, how would a clinician determine the most recent evidence available supporting current intervention practices?

Evidence-Based Vocabulary Instruction for Elementary Students via Storybook Reading
Volume 1, Number 3, October 2006
by Carla J. Johnson and Erin Yeates, University of Toronto

Speech-language pathologists who are interested in evidence-based practice may wish to know whether there is scientific evidence to support particular methods of vocabulary instruction...Do elementary schools students learn new vocabulary more effectively from hearing stories with brief explanations of unknown words than from hearing stories without such explanations?

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Improving Communication for Children with Autism: Does Sign Language Work?
Volume 1, Number 2, July 2006
by Jamie B. Schwartz, Ph.D., and Chad Nye, Ph.D., University of Central Florida

One of the signature characteristics of children with autism is failure to develop adequate communication skills. Clinicians often are faced with the decision of selecting and implementing an aided or unaided augmentative or alternative communication system for these individuals. Given that a clinician may recommend sign language training for a child with autism, what evidence is available upon which to base this decision?

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Classroom-Based versus Pull-Out Language Intervention: An Examination of the Experimental Evidence
Volume 1, Number 1, April 2006
by Anita S. McGinty and Laura Justice, University of Virginia

In this brief, we consulted the available experimental evidence to consider an important question that clinicians often ask: Should I provide speech-language intervention within the child's classroom (classroom-based) or outside of the classroom (pull-out)?

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